NAME

xdcp - Concurrently copies files to or from multiple nodes. In addition, provides an option to use rsync to update the files on the nodes, or to an installation image on the local node.


SYNOPSIS

xdcp noderange [[-f fanout] [-L] [-l userID] [-o node_options] [-p] [-P] [-r node_remote_shell] [-R] [-t timeout] [-T] [-v] [-q] [-X env_list] sourcefile.... targetpath

xdcp noderange [-F rsync input file]

xdcp computenoderange [-s -F rsync input file]

xdcp [-i path to install image] [-F rsync input file]

xdcp [-h | -V | -q]


DESCRIPTION

The xdcp command concurrently copies files to or from remote target nodes. The command issues a remote copy com- mand for each node or device specified. When files are pulled from a target, they are placed into the target_path with the name of the remote node or device appended to the copied source_file name. The /usr/bin/rcp command is the model for syntax and security. If using hierarchy, then xdcp runs on the service node that is servicing the compute node. The file will first be copied to the path defined in the site table, SNsyncfiledir attribute, or the default path /var/xcat/syncfiles on the service node, if the attribute is not defined. The -P flag will not automatically copy the files from the compute node to the Management node, hierarchically. There is a two step process, see -P flag. If the Management Node is target node, it must be defined in the xCAT database with nodetype=mn. When the xdcp command runs the Management Node as the target, it does not use remote commands but uses the local OS copy (cp) command.

REMOTE USER:

A user_ID can be specified for the remote copy command. Remote user specification is identical for the xdcp and xdsh commands. See the xdsh command for more information.

REMOTE COMMAND COPY: The xdcp command uses a configurable remote copy command to execute remote copies on remote targets. Support is explicitly provided for Remote Shell rcp command, the OpenSSH scp command and the /usr/bin/rsync command.

For node targets, the remote copy command is determined by the follow- ing order of precedence:

1. The -r flag.

2. The /usr/bin/scp command.

COMMAND EXECUTIONS The maximum number of concurrent remote copy command processes (the fanout) can be specified with the -f flag or the DSH_FANOUT environment variable. The fanout is only restricted by the number of remote shell commands that can be run in parallel. You can experiment with the DSH_FANOUT value on your management server to see if higher values are appropriate.

A timeout value for remote copy command execution can be specified with the -t flag or DSH_TIMEOUT environment variable. If any remote target does not respond within the timeout value, the xdcp command displays an error message and exits.

The -T flag provides diagnostic trace information for dcp command exe- cution. Default settings and the actual remote copy commands that are executed to the remote targets are displayed.

The xdcp command can be executed silently using the -Q flag; no target standard output or standard error is displayed.


OPTIONS

sourcefile...

Specifies the complete path for the file to be copied to or from the target. Multiple files can be specified. When used with the -R flag, only a single directory can be specified. When used with the -P flag, only a single file can be specified.

targetpath

If one source_file file, then it specifies the file to copy the source_file file to on the target. If multiple source_file files, it specifies the directory to copy the source_file files to on the target. If the -P flag is specified, the target_path is the local host location for the copied files. The remote file directory structure is recreated under target_path and the remote target name is appended to the copied source_file name in the target_path directory. Note: the targetpath directory must exist.

-f|--fanout fanout_value

Specifies a fanout value for the maximum number of concur- rently executing remote shell processes. Serial execution can be specified by indicating a fanout value of 1. If -f is not specified, a default fanout value of 64 is used.

-F|--File rsync input file

Specifies the path to the file that will be used to build the rsync command. The format of the input file is as follows, each line contains:

 <path to source file1> <path to source file2> ... ->  < path to destination file/directory>

or

 <path to source file> -> <path to destination file>

or

 <path to source file> -> <path to destination directory ( must end in /)>

For example: /etc/password /etc/hosts -> /etc

  /tmp/file2  ->  /tmp/file2
  /tmp/file2  ->  /tmp/
  /tmp/filex  ->  /tmp/source/filey
  /etc/*  ->  /etc/

Running postscripts after files are sync'd to the nodes:

After you define the files to rsync, you can add an EXECUTE: clause in the synclist file. The EXECUTE: clause will list all the postscripts that you would like to run after the files are sync'd to the node. The postscript file must be of the form filename.post, where the <filename> is the <filename> is the from <filename>, reside in the same directory as filename, and be executable. If the file filename is rsync'd to the node, then the filename.post will automatically be run on the node. If the file filename is not updated on the node, the filename.post will not be run.

Putting the filename.post in the file list to rsync to the node is required for hierarchical clusters. It is optional for non-hierarchical clusters.

Another option is the EXECUTEALWAYS: clause in the synclist file. The EXECUTEALWAYS: will list all the postscripts that you would like to run after the files are sync'd to the nodes. These scripts will run whether or not any files are sync'd to the nodes. The scripts have no special format, but must contain the fully qualified path.

The scripts must be also added to the file list to rsync to the node for hierarchical clusters. It is optional for non-hierarchical clusters.

For example, your rsynclist file may look like this: /tmp/share/file2 -> /tmp/file2 /tmp/share/file2.post -> /tmp/file2.post /tmp/share/file3 -> /tmp/filex /tmp/share/file3.post -> /tmp/file3.post /tmp/myscript -> /tmp/myscript # the below are postscripts EXECUTE: /tmp/share/file2.post /tmp/share/file3.post EXECUTEALWAYS: /tmp/myscript

If /tmp/file2 and /tmp/file3 update /tmp/file2 and /tmp/filex on the node, then the postscripts /tmp/file2.post and /tmp/file3.post are automatically run on the node. /tmp/myscript will always be run on the node.

Another option is the APPEND: clause in the synclist file. The APPEND: clause is used to append the contents of the input file to an existing file on the node. The file to append must already exist on the node and not be part of the synclist that contains the APPEND: clause.

For example, your rsynclist file may look like this: /tmp/share/file2 -> /tmp/file2 /tmp/share/file2.post -> /tmp/file2.post /tmp/share/file3 -> /tmp/filex /tmp/share/file3.post -> /tmp/file3.post /tmp/myscript -> /tmp/myscript # the below are postscripts EXECUTE: /tmp/share/file2.post /tmp/share/file3.post EXECUTEALWAYS: /tmp/myscript APPEND: /etc/myappenddir/appendfile -> /etc/mysetup/setup /etc/myappenddir/appendfile2 -> /etc/mysetup/setup2

When you use the append script, the file (left) of the arrow is appended to the file right of the arrow. In this example, /etc/myappenddir/appendfile is appended to /etc/mysetup/setup file, which must already exist on the node. The /opt/xcat/share/xcat/scripts/xdcpappend.sh is used to accomplish this.

Another option is the MERGE: clause in the synclist file. The MERGE: clause is used to append the contents of the input file to /etc/passwd, /etc/group, or /etc/shadow on a Linux node. It is only supported for those files and only on Linux. You must not use both the APPEND and MERGE funcion for these three files. The processing could end up not creating the file you desire. The MERGE function is the preferred method, becuase APPEND only adds to the file. MERGE will add to the file but also insure there are no duplicate entries.

For example, your rsynclist file may look like this: /tmp/share/file2 -> /tmp/file2 /tmp/share/file2.post -> /tmp/file2.post /tmp/share/file3 -> /tmp/filex /tmp/share/file3.post -> /tmp/file3.post /tmp/myscript -> /tmp/myscript # the below are postscripts EXECUTE: /tmp/share/file2.post /tmp/share/file3.post EXECUTEALWAYS: /tmp/myscript APPEND: /custom/mypasswd -> /etc/passwd /custom/mygroups -> /etc/group /custom/myshadow -> /etc/shadow

Note: no order can be assumed by the order that the EXECUTE,EXECUTEALWAYS and APPEND clause fall in the synclist file.

For more information on syncing files to node, read https://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/xcat/index.php?title=Sync-ing_Config_Files_to_Nodes

On Linux rsync always uses ssh remoteshell. On AIX, ssh or rsh is used depending on the site.useSSHonAIX attribute.

-h|--help

Displays usage information.

-i|--rootimg install image

Specifies the path to the install image on the local Linux node.

-o|--node-options node_options

Specifies options to pass to the remote shell command for node targets. The options must be specified within double quotation marks ("") to distinguish them from xdsh options.

-p|--preserve

Preserves the source file characteristics as implemented by the configured remote copy command.

-P|--pull

Pulls (copies) the files from the targets and places them in the target_path directory on the local host. The target_path must be a directory. Files pulled from remote machines have ._target appended to the file name to distinguish between them. When the -P flag is used with the -R flag, ._target is appended to the directory. Only one file per invocation of the xdcp pull command can be pulled from the specified targets. Hierarchy is not automatically support yet. You must first pull the file to the Service Node and then pull the file to the Management node.

-q|--show-config

Displays the current environment settings for all DSH Utilities commands. This includes the values of all environment variables and settings for all currently installed and valid contexts. Each setting is prefixed with context: to identify the source context of the setting.

-r|--node-rcp node_remote_copy

Specifies the full path of the remote copy command used for remote command execution on node targets.

-R|--recursive recursive

Recursively copies files from a local directory to the remote targets, or when specified with the -P flag, recursively pulls (copies) files from a remote directory to the local host. A single source directory can be specified using the source_file parameter.

-s synch service nodes

Will only sync the files listed in the synclist (-F), to the service nodes for the input compute node list. The files will be placed in the directory defined by the site.SNsyncfiledir attribute, or the default /var/xcat/syncfiles directory.

-t|--timeout timeout

Specifies the time, in seconds, to wait for output from any currently executing remote targets. If no output is available from any target in the specified timeout, xdsh displays an error and terminates execution for the remote targets that failed to respond. If timeout is not specified, xdsh waits indefinitely to continue processing output from all remote targets. When specified with the -i flag, the user is prompted for an additional timeout interval to wait for output.

-T|--trace

Enables trace mode. The xdcp command prints diagnostic messages to standard output during execution to each target.

-v|--verify

Verifies each target before executing any remote commands on the target. If a target is not responding, execution of remote commands for the target is canceled.

-V|--version

Displays the xdcp command version information.


Environment Variables

DSH_ENVIRONMENT

Specifies a file that contains environment variable definitions to export to the target before executing the remote command. This variable is overridden by the -E flag.

DSH_FANOUT

Specifies the fanout value. This variable is overridden by the -f flag.

DSH_NODE_OPTS

Specifies the options to use for the remote shell command with node targets only. This variable is overridden by the -o flag.

DSH_NODE_RCP

Specifies the full path of the remote copy command to use to copy local scripts and local environment configuration files to node targets.

DSH_NODE_RSH

Specifies the full path of the remote shell to use for remote command execution on node targets. This variable is overridden by the -r flag.

DSH_NODEGROUP_PATH

Specifies a colon-separated list of directories that contain node group files for the DSH context. When the -a flag is specified in the DSH context, a list of unique node names is collected from all node group files in the path.

DSH_PATH

Sets the command path to use on the targets. If DSH_PATH is not set, the default path defined in the profile of the remote user_ID is used.

DSH_SYNTAX

Specifies the shell syntax to use on remote targets; ksh or csh. If not specified, the ksh syntax is assumed. This variable is overridden by the -S flag.

DSH_TIMEOUT

Specifies the time, in seconds, to wait for output from each remote target. This variable is overridden by the -t flag.


Exit Status

Exit values for each remote copy command execution are displayed in messages from the xdcp command, if the remote copy command exit value is non-zero. A non-zero return code from a remote copy command indicates that an error was encountered during the remote copy. If a remote copy command encounters an error, execution of the remote copy on that tar- get is bypassed.

The xdcp command exit code is 0, if the xdcp command executed without errors and all remote copy commands finished with exit codes of 0. If internal xdcp errors occur or the remote copy commands do not complete successfully, the xdcp command exit value is greater than 0.


Security

The xdcp command has no security configuration requirements. All remote command security requirements - configuration, authentication, and authorization - are imposed by the underlying remote command configured for xdsh. The command assumes that authentication and authorization is configured between the local host and the remote targets. Interactive password prompting is not supported; an error is displayed and execution is bypassed for a remote target if password prompting occurs, or if either authorization or authentication to the remote target fails. Security configurations as they pertain to the remote environment and remote shell command are userdefined.


Examples


Files


SEE ALSO

xdsh(1), noderange(3)