NAME

genimage - Generates a stateless image to be used for a diskless install.


SYNOPSIS

genimage

genimage [-o osver] [-a arch] [-p profile] [-i nodebootif] [-n nodenetdrivers] [--onlyinitrd] [-r otherifaces] [-k kernelver] [-g krpmver] [-m statelite] [-l rootlimitsize] [--permission permission] [--interactive] [--dryrun] [--ignorekernelchk] [--noupdate] imagename

genimage -o osver [-a arch] -p profile -i nodebootif -n nodenetdrivers [--onlyinitrd] [-r otherifaces] [-k kernelver] [-g krpmver] [-m statelite] [-l rootlimitsize] [--permission permission] [--interactive] [--dryrun] [--noupdate]

genimage [-h | --help | -v | --version]


DESCRIPTION

Generates a stateless and a statelite image that can be used to boot xCAT nodes in a diskless mode.

The imagename format of the command is recommended. When specified, genimage will use the osimage definition for information to generate this image. Additional options specified on the command line will override any corresponding previous osimage settings, and will be written back to the osimage definition.

If imagename is not specified (old method): - the default packages included (and excluded) in the image are specified by /opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os>/<profile>[.<osver>][.<arch>].pkglist and

/opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os>/<profile>[.<osver>][.<arch>].exlist.

   - Additional packages that are not from the os distro can be specified in a

/opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os>/<profile>[.<osver>][.<arch>].otherpkgs.pkglist file.

   - Customized package list files will override these files and can be specified under /install/custom/netboot/<os> directory. 
   - The generated image will be put in /install/netboot/<osver>/<arch>/<profile> directory.
   - osimage definitions will be created in the I<linuximage> and I<osimage> tables.  The newly generated image names will have the following format:
       for stateless: <osver>-<arch>-netboot-<profile>
       for statelite: <osver>-<arch>-statelite-<profile>

If genimage runs on the management node, both the osimage table and linuximage table will be updated with the given values from the options.

The genimage command will generate two initial ramdisks for stateless and statelite, one is initrd-stateless.gz, the other one is initrd-statelite.gz.

After your image is generated, you can chroot to the image, install any additional software you would like, or make modifications to files, and then run the following command to prepare the image for deployment.

for stateless: packimage

for statelite: liteimg

Besides prompting for some paramter values, the genimage command takes default guesses for the parameters not specified or not defined in the osimage and linuximage tables. It also assumes default answers for questions from the yum/zypper command when installing rpms into the image. Please use --interactive flag if you want the yum/zypper command to prompt you for the answers.

If --onlyinitrd is specified, genimage only regenerates the initrd for a stateless image to be used for a diskless install.

The genimage command must be run on a system that is the same architecture and same distro with same major release version as the nodes it will be used on. If the management node is not the same architecture or same distro level, copy the contents of /opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os> to a system that is the proper architecture, and mount /install from the management node to that system. Then change directory to /opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os> and run ./genimage.


Parameters

imagename specifies the name of an os image definition to be used. The specification for the image is stored in the osimage table and linuximage table.


OPTIONS

-a arch

The hardware architecture of this node: x86_64, ppc64, x86, ia64, etc. If omitted, the current hardware architecture will be used.

-o osver

The operating system for the image: fedora8, rhel5, sles10, etc. The OS packages must be in /install/<osver>/<arch> (use copycds(8)).

-p profile

The profile (e.g. compute, service) to use to create the image. This determines what package lists are used from /opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<os> to create the image with. When deploying nodes with this image, the nodes' nodetype.profile attribute must be set to this same value.

-i nodebootif

This argument is now optional, and allows you to specify the network boot interface to be configured in the image (e.g. eth0). If not specified, the interface will be determined and configured during the network boot process.

-n nodenetdrivers

This argument is now optional, and allows you to specify the driver modules needed for the network interface(s) on your stateless nodes. If you do not specify this option, the default is to include all recent IBM xSeries network drivers.

If specified, nodenetdrivers should be a comma separated list of network drivers to be used by the stateless nodes (Ie.: -n tg3,e1000). Note that the drivers will be loaded in the order that you list them, which may prove important in some cases.

-l rootlimit

The maximum size allowed for the root file system in the image. Specify in bytes, or can append k, m, or g.

--onlyinitrd

Regenerates the initrd for a stateless image to be used for a diskless install.

Regenerates the initrd that is part of a stateless/statelite image that is used to boot xCAT nodes in a stateless/stateli te mode. The generated initrd will be put in /install/netboot/<OS>/<arch>/<profile>.

The genimage --onlyinitrd command will generate two initial ramdisks, one is initrd-statelite.gz for statelite mode, the other one is initrd-stateless.gz for stateless mode.

--permission permission

The mount permission of /.statelite directory for statelite mode, which is only used for statelite mode, and the default permission is 755.

-r otherifaces

Other network interfaces (e.g. eth1) in the image that should be configured via DHCP.

-k kernelver

Use this flag if you want to use a specific version of the kernel in the image. Defaults to the first kernel found in the install image.

-g krpmver

Use this flag to specify the rpm version for kernel packages in the image. It must be present if -k flag is specified in the command for SLES. Generally, the value of -g is the part after linux- and before .rpm in a kernel rpm name.

-m statelite

This flag is for Ubuntu, Debian and Fedora12 only. Use this flag to specify if you want to generate statelite image. The default is to generate stateless image for these three operating systems. For others, this flag is invalid because both stateless and statelite images will be generated with this command.

--interactive

This flag allows the user to answer questions from yum/zypper command when installing rpms into the image. If it is not specified, '-y' will be passed to the yum command and '--non-interactive --no-gpg-checks' will be passed to the zypper command as default answers.

--dryrun

This flag shows the underlying call to the os specific genimage function. The user can copy and the paste the output to run the command on another machine that does not have xCAT installed.

-t tmplimit

(Deprecated) This flag allows the user to setup the /tmp and the /var/tmp file system sizes. This flag is no longer supported. You can overwrite any file system size using the .postinstall script where you can create a new /etc/fstab file.

--ignorekernelchk

Skip the kernel version checking when injecting drivers from osimage.driverupdatesrc. That means all drivers from osimage.driverupdatesrc will be injected to initrd for the specific target kernel.

--noupdate

This flag allows the user to bypass automatic package updating when installing other packages.

-v|--version

Display version.

-h|--help

Display usage message.


RETURN VALUE

0 The command completed successfully.

1 An error has occurred.


EXAMPLES

  1. To prompt the user for inputs:
      genimage
  2. To generate an image using information from an osimage definition:
      genimage myimagename
  3. To run genimage in test mode without actually generating an image:
      genimage --dryrun  myimagename
  4. To generate an image and have yum/zypper prompt for responses:
      genimage myimagename --interactive
  5. To generate an image, replacing some values in the osimage definition:
      genimage -i eth0 -n tg3 myimagename
  6. (old method) To generate a fedora8 image for a compute node architecture x86_64 and place it in the /install/netboot/fedora8/x86_64/compute/rootimg directory:
      genimage -i eth0 -o fedora8 -p compute
  7. (old method)
      genimage -i eth0 -r eth1,eth2 -n tg3,bnx2 -o centos5.1 -p compute
  8. (old method)
      genimage -i eth0 -n tg3,bnx2 -o sles11 -p compute --interactive
  9. (old method)
      genimage -i eth0 -n igb,e1000e,e1000,bnx2,tg3 -o centos5.4 -p nfsroot --permission 777
  10. (old method) To regenerate the initrd for a fedora8 image for a compute node architecture x86_64 and place it in the /install/netboot/fedora8/x86_64/compute/rootimg directory:
      cd /opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/fedora 
      ./genimage --onlyinitrd -i eth0 -n tg3,bnx2 -o fedora8 -p compute


FILES

/opt/xcat/bin/genimage

/opt/xcat/share/xcat/netboot/<OS>/genimage


SEE ALSO

packimage(1), liteimg(1)